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Relaxation at The Kupele Sklene Teplice Spa in Central Slovakia

“PARENICA.” The word was spoken with reverence by nearly everyone we met in the Stiavnica Mountains. They would say it with a jealous look in their eyes, “Oh, you will go to the Parenica?!?” It was a question, a statement and an exclamation point in one. But yes, a large reason for our visit to Slovakia was to visit the Kúpele Sklené Teplice spa and it’s world-famous Parenica.

What is the Parenica at Kúpele Sklené Teplice? And why does it generate such reverence from the local population?

We quickly learned the Parenica is a natural steam cave bath where hot water pours from the limestone wall into a pool of hot water. The pool is a constant 42 degrees Celsius (107.6 degrees Fahrenheit). The steam cave bath is unique in all of Europe.

The mineral formation left by the leaching water is a large, bright orange rounded mass that resembles a wheel of aging cheese – hence the name Parenica. In Slovak, Parenica is the name of the local semi-firm, mustard-colored yellow cheese common to central Slovakia. It’s the kind of play-on-words that locals just seem to love.

The Parenica cave steam bath at the Kupele Sklene Teplice Thermal Spa in Slovakia
The Parenica cave steam bath (Photo courtesy of Kupele Sklene Teplice)

Throughout much of Central Slovakia, the mountainous geology yields a significant amount of geothermal activity. Along with the many hot springs in the area, a robust spa culture has developed. The spa sits along the stream in the valley between two large tree-covered hills. One of the hills has a significant geothermal heat source rising within it that produces the natural hot springs.

Historically, 30-40 springs have been traced to this small village area, but today, 14 are considered active, including the famous Sklené Teplice Parenica steam cave bath. We also saw several other springs cascading over mineral limestone walls and down into the stream – much to the delight of the ducks who gather in the warm stream.

Natural hot springs formations in Sklene Teplice, Slovakia
Natural hot springs formations

The Kúpele Sklené Teplice spa operates as a health, wellness and medical facility in Slovakia. The healing waters are both for bathing and for drinking (guests use glasses to drink the warm water from a lion’s head fountain – 1.5 liters is recommended per day). Guests come for two to 88 days to rest in the valley and receive restorative medical treatments. About half the visitors come to the spa via Slovak national health insurance and half come as private pay – all staying in the five guest houses.

The focus at the is on recuperation and restorative health for locomotive and nervous disorder conditions. However, in recent years (and post communism), the spa has been welcoming guests for “Romantic Relaxing Weekend” packages and other getaways.

The lion's head fountain
The lion’s head fountain where visitors drink the warm mineral waters for health

The Kúpele Sklené Teplice Spa History

The first references to the small village of Sklene Teplice date from the year 1340 when it was founded by Glaser Filius Gerhardi de Doplicze. The first recorded reference of the hot spring waters and their healing benefits came from Juraj Wernher in 1549. Since that time, the thermal springs were used for both health and industrial production.

In 1701, an “aristocratic” bath was built and the community was on the map. Travelers from as far away as England visited the spa and soaked in its healing waters. The spa achieved historical notoriety on August 27, 1786 when the world’s first academic scientific congress was held at the spa and attended by the world’s intellectual elite, including the author Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.

Today, the Kupele Sklene Teplice spa is designed in the art nouveau style that was popular in the early 1900s. The spa culture is alive and well in Sklene Teplice, Slovakia!

The art nouveau Kursalon and cafe
The art nouveau Kursalon and cafe

Visiting the Sklene Teplice Spa

We visited hot springs and thermal spa on a breezy fall day. We checked into the main office and headed to the cave baths building. Everything at the spa runs on a timed system. Access to the spa building is allowed only three times per hour (at 20 minute intervals).

In the waiting lobby, there were lockers for our jackets, bags and shoes. At the appointed time, we were allowed into a small co-ed changing room, before taking brief showers (separately) and into the Parenica steam cave bath.

The entry into the thermal cave spa
The entry into the cave steam bath (Photo courtesy of Kupele Sklene Teplice)

The water in the Sklene Teplice Parenica pool is HOT. It is 42 degrees Celsius (107.6 degrees Fahrenheit) hot. But it felt great! The small little cove on the left side is a natural sauna – the steam gets trapped in the alcove and I felt like a little pierogi being both steamed and boiled!

The spa attendants keep a watchful eye on the time and called us out at 20 minutes. Compared to other spas where you can lounge for an unlimited time we wondered about how this timed system would work. However, after 20 minutes in the Parenica, I can report we were ready to leave. It was that hot.

Women relaxing in the solarium's massage chairs at the Kupele Sklene Teplice Spa in Slovakia
Relaxing in the solarium’s massage chairs

We were moved into a calming room to be wrapped up in a blanket to cool off and relax to the sounds of the ambient spa music. I’ll confess to dozing at one point for a few minutes. After 20 minutes, were promptly moved into the solarium and placed in large massage chairs for a thorough working over, while we enjoyed the views of the autumn leaves falling outside in the stream.

A wooden statue and the solarium

Kupele Sklene Teplice Spa Visitor Information

Location: The village of Sklene Teplice is a short 20 minute (14km) drive from Banska Stiavnica. The town’s GPS coordinates: 48°32′N 18°52′E

Packages: The Kupele Sklene Teplice spa offers various packages. For example, the “Romantic Relaxing Weekend” package includes a full board, two night stay in the Goethe House along with several treatment packages for €66-77 per person (depending on the room and season).

A room in the Goethe House
Room in the Goethe House

Spa Services: A wide variety of spa procedures are available via an a la carte menu. For example, a 30 minute classic massage is €15, a 60 minute Thai massage is €33, and a 20 minute mud wrap is €5.70. The Sklene Teplice spa has a lengthy menu of options available. Compared to other spas we’ve visited, the prices are very reasonable.

Meals: The full board option includes a selection of five dishes. Half-board options ae available for €3 discount.

Booking and payment: Reservations made on the website will receive a 5% discount. All prices do not include VAT. Payment can be made with Visa and Mastercard.

Children: Children are allowed, but there are restrictions on which pools they can use.


Slovak translations. During our visit, we noticed that all of the signs were in Slovak. Here are a few words in Slovak that may be helpful in navigating the spa experience:

  • Cennik = price list.
  • Skupina = group or groups.
  • Akcie = share. For example, prices for the rooms on a share basis.
  • Zlavy = sales.
  • Kontakt = contact
  • otvaracie hodiny = opening hours
  • Sauny = saunas
The entrance to the Kúpele Sklené Teplice Thermal Spa in Slovakia

We were the grateful guests of the Slovak Tourist Board. As always, all opinions are our own. All photography is our own, unless otherwise noted (Kúpele Sklené Teplice provided some photography to us).

Because you can never have too many photos:

Statues in the sculpture garden
Statues in the sculpture garden
The natural thermal baths of Maria Terezia Spa
The Maria Terezia Spa, which we visited but didn’t get to soak in (Photo credit Kúpele Sklené Teplice)
The sauna rooms (Sauny)
The sauna rooms (Photo credit Kúpele Sklené Teplice)

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Tuesday 12th of July 2022

can I just enjoy the cave bath without staying at the hotel ?



Lance Longwell

Tuesday 12th of July 2022

Yes, we believe it is possible. We did it on our visit (the baths), but didn't stay overnight. However, given the current situation, it might be best to email them on how they are handling things.


Tuesday 13th of January 2015

*Celsius...I'm not American, I swear! ;)

Laura Longwell

Tuesday 13th of January 2015

However you spell it, it was hot ;)


Tuesday 13th of January 2015

42 DEGREES CELCIUS that's way too hot! Ha, even if they let me stay for longer than 20 minutes I know I wouldn't want/be able to! But the cooling wrap and massage that follow sound lovely!

Diana Edelman

Tuesday 13th of January 2015

This sounds so amazing! I want to go!!

Laura Longwell

Tuesday 13th of January 2015

It was indulgent in the best of all possible ways, and yet not over-the-top or touristy. Everyone there was from the local area, and I'm fairly certain we were the only English speakers.


Tuesday 13th of January 2015

Ooh - and those massages are so reasonably priced! I could do with one right now...

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