One of our favorite cruise experiences is enjoying a private island like Half Moon Cay in the Bahamas. This is our ultimate guide to Half Moon Cay Excursions.

Private Island Life: Half Moon Cay Excursions (and Tips!)

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In recent years, the number of cruise companies offering private island experiences has exploded. Like other cruise companies, Holland America and Carnival Cruises have their own private Caribbean island that they incorporate into as many of their cruises as possible: Half Moon Cay. This island in the Bahamas is officially known as Little San Salvador Island, however, the cruise company calls it Half Moon Cay because of its distinctive shape. We’ve visited this island several times. Initially, we didn’t like it, however, our opinions have changed over time. This is our ultimate guide to the island and Half Moon Cay excursions, which will allow you to have the best possible time here.

Half Moon Cay pictures: The "Welcome to Half Moon Cay Bahamas" sign.

Over the years, we’ve taken several cruises to the Bahamas, which have brought us to this private island. Initially, we didn’t really like it. We viewed it as a throw away experience on most Bahamas cruises.

Instead of going to a real city and having a real experience, you’re brought here where you are fully captive to the cruise ship company. Instead of a real port of call, you get the ship on a beach. We once wrote a Half Moon Cay review and described this island like a caged pen to wallow around in – a sanitized travel experience.

Perhaps the reason for our displeasure has to do with the weather. Half Moon Cay, Bahamas is smack in the midst of the Bermuda Triangle. It is located east of Andros and southeast of Nassau in the Bahamas, putting it roughly at the same latitude as Marathon, Florida. The Half Moon Cay weather is notoriously unpredictable. Afternoon rain showers are common. The winds can shift rapidly. And the weather and water temperatures are not as warm as you might expect for “the Caribbean.” It’s safe to say we didn’t enjoy our first few trips here.

Enjoying the beach during one of our Carnival Half Moon Cay excursions.
Half Moon Cay Beach (Photo by James, license by CC BY-SA 2.0)

However, the more we’ve traveled, the more we’ve cruised, and the more we’ve visited Half Moon Cay island, the more we’ve come to embrace this experience for exactly what it is: a great beach day on a magnificent private island. While there are a handful of things to do in Half Moon Cay, the beach reigns supreme.

Spending time on the beach is one of the best things to do in Half Moon Cay Bahamas.

This guide has everything you need to know about this Holland America and Carnival private island. Half Moon Cay excursions are divided into renting some sort of cabana or other beach structure, and then activities.

We have not included pricing information because several different cruise companies (Holland American, Carnival) utilize Half Moon Cay and they charge different prices for the activities listed below. Here is a list of things to do at Half Moon Cay:

Half Moon Cay Excursion Cabana Options

While once fairly tranquil, in October 2017, a new sound system was added to the “I Wish I Could Stay Here Forever” bar, which can be extremely loud. When booking clamshells, cabanas, and villas, pay special attention to the warnings if you are looking for a relaxing experience.

The Private Oasis at Half Moon Cay

If you want luxury and private and you have money to burn, the Private Oasis at Half Moon Cay is for you. Featuring over 1,600 square feet of exclusivity for groups of 12 (additional guests possible with an add-on package), you have private water entrance, an eight-person hot tub, a private deck, privacy fencing, tables, loungers, private changing rooms, private showers, butler services, a private chef and a personal lifeguard. Snacks, alcoholic beverages, and a barbecue lunch are also included. If this isn’t exclusive enough, the Private Oasis also features ultra-upgrade packages.

The "ultimate in luxury" Half Moon Cay Beach Villas offer shade, refreshments, air conditioning and even a hot tub.
The colorful Beach Villas (Photo by Chris O., license by CC BY-ND 2.0)

Half Moon Cay Beach Villa Packages

The beach villas at Half Moon Cay are considered the “ultimate in luxury” by the cruise ship companies. For your rental, you’ll get a two-story bungalow located just off the beach which can accommodate up to eight guests (additional guests possible with an add-on package). The villa has air conditioning, a hot tub, ceiling fan, a refrigerator, sun deck, sun chairs, floating mats and snorkel gear are included. Snacks, soda, and bottled water are included. Butler Upgrade: Guests can add a butler upgrade to their beach villa package, which includes unlimited beverages, a picnic lunch, and a pier-to-door escort by your butler.

The private cabanas on Half Moon Cay can comfortably accommodate a family of four.  Renting a private cabana is our top recommendation for things to do in Half Moon Cay Bahamas.
Private cabanas (Photo by Aimee, license by CC BY 2.0)

Half Moon Cay Private Cabanas

A step down from the beach villas, the private cabanas on Half Moon Cay can accommodate up to four guests (additional guests possible with an add-on package) and includes air conditioning, a ceiling fan, refrigerator, deck chairs, and terrace, along with floating mats and snorkel gear. Snacks, soda, and bottled water are included. Butler Upgrade: Guests can add a butler upgrade to their beach villa package, which includes unlimited beverages, a picnic lunch, and a pier-to-door escort by your butler.

Our favorite Half Moon Cay Bahamas excursions option is the clamshell sunshade rental for two people.  You can adjust throughout the day as the sun shifts.
The clamshell sunshade rental (Photo by Aimee, license by CC BY 2.0)

Clamshell Sunshade Rental

The most economical and easiest rentals at Half Moon Beach are the clamshells. These crescent-shaped fabric shells can be adjusted to provide sun protection throughout the day. Two lounge chairs come included. We’ve rented a clamshell on our last few visits to Half Moon Cay.

Half Moon Cay Shore Excursions

The Calypso Island Tram

The tram essentially connects the Fort San Salvador (i.e., the buildings located at the tender pier) with the Tropics Restaurant (see below for more on the Tropics Restaurant). The driver/guide provides a brief narration and you’ll see the lagoon. This tram is entirely unnecessary unless you or a member of your party are mobility challenged.

Aqua Trax Adventure/Jet Ski

Guests can rent an Aqua Trax (a.k.a., a jet ski) to cruise around in the saltwater lagoon of the island. Due to reef and rock formations, there are some places in the lagoon you can’t go. Note: A driver’s license is required to operate the Aqua Trax, so don’t forget to bring it.

Bonefish lagoon glass bottom eco boat tour at Half Moon Cay Carnival Island.
Eco lagoon cruise in a glass bottom boat (Photo by Aaron, license by CC BY-SA 2.0)

Half Moon Cay Eco Lagoon Cruise

For those into such things, a glass-bottom boat tour of Half Moon Cay’s lagoon is available to see stringrays, sharks, and other marine life.

Eco Lagoon Kayak Adventure

Active guests may enjoy a kayak adventure on the island’s private saltwater lagoon.

Eco Bike Adventure

There’s an option to take a guided bike ride around the island to see behind the scenes of the cruise company’s operation. You’ll see staff housing, offices, the garbage and recycling operation and other not-so-riveting sights. The bike ride is usually offered in conjunction with a hike to do some bird watching. (Did we mention that we are not birders?)

Glass-Bottom Boat

There is a second glass-bottom boat experience at Half Moon Cay, which focuses on the ocean side of the island. Guests will see coral, and some of the island’s marine life.

Walking history tour of Carnival Half Moon Cay in the Bahamas.
The walking tour covers the history of the Bahamas and the island (Photo by Howard, license by CC BY 2.0)

Half Moon Cay Historic Nature Walk

The 1.5 mile walk on sandy surfaces takes in views of the islands flora and fauna, along with a history lecture (includes both piracy and slavery). Given the often-sandy trail, may not be totally suitable for small children.

Horseback Riding

Arguably the second most popular of the shore excursions in Half Moon Cay (after spending time on Half Moon Beach) is horseback riding. Visitors will get to ride along trails, the beach and visit the highest point on the island. Note: There is a weight limit of 250 pounds and guests must wear long pants and closed toed shoes (no sandals).

Horseback riding on the back at Half Moon Cay, Bahamas.
Horseback riding on the beach (Photo by James, license by CC BY-SA 2.0)

Snorkel by Boat

Snorkelers can rejoice that a snorkel by boat excursion has been added. The boat will take you off-shore to see coral reefs and fish. It is worth noting that scuba diving at Half Moon Cay used to be offered as a shore excursion, however, it is no longer possible to dive here.

The Stingray Adventure is one of the most popular excursions in Half Moon Cay Bahamas.
The Stingray Adventure (Photo by James, license by CC BY-SA 2.0)

Stingray Adventure

Learn and interact with magnificent southern stingrays in their habitat.

The Bahamian Church

The church on the island is available for weddings and vow renewals (arrangements need to be made in advance).

The Bahamian Church on Half Moon Cay.  Weddings and vow renewals is a popular Half Moon Cay things to do.
The Bahamian Church (Photo by Jared, license by CC BY 2.0)

The Post Office

Guests craving a passport stamp can get it at the Half Moon Cay post office.

Half Moon Cay Lunch

When the cruise ships visit Half Moon Cay, most of the operations back on the boat shut down. Don’t be surprised that all the restaurants close down on the ship. Instead, the operation is moved to the island, where the Tropics Restaurant serves a BBQ lunch from about 11:30am-1:00pm.

Our recommendation is to get there early. On nearly every visit to Half Moon Cay, they’ve run out of the food. (In one experience, by 12:00 they were out of ketchup, by 12:15 they were out of mustard, and by 12:30 they were out of all food). We tend to eat meals later, particularly on cruises, however, Half Moon Cay is one where you’ll want to eat a very early lunch.

The lunch at Half Moon Cay is standard barbecue fare: hamburgers, hot dogs, sides. Given the assembly-line process and the quantities of food they are cooking, it is surprisingly good.

Two Holland America ships at the company's private island:  Half Moon Cay Bahamas.
Two Holland America ships in Half Moon Bay (Photo by Syue, license by CC BY-ND 2.0)

Half Moon Cay Tips

We’re frequently asked for our recommendations and tips for visiting Half Moon Cay:

Get an early start. When we are on vacation, we tend to sleep in, and this is particularly true on cruise ship sea days and beach days. And Half Moon Cay is a beach day. However, resist temptation to sleep late and get up at a reasonable. We recommend being off the ship by 10:15am at the latest. Depending on the number of ships at Half Moon Cay, it can get to be crowded.

It’s all about the beach. Yes, there are other activities and official shore excursions at Half Moon Cay, but the only thing on your agenda should be enjoying the beach. And the further up the beach you go (away from the tender pier and Fort San Salvador), the fewer people you’ll have to deal with.

Rent a clamshell. Assuming the weather at Half Moon Cay isn’t awful (as it was on our first few trips), the sun can be quite intense. There are very few trees on the island. Most of the vegetation is much lower and doesn’t provide great shade. You’ll be thankful you rented a clamshell.

Go snorkeling. The white, sandy Half Moon Beach is amazing for soaking up the sun’s rays and getting into the water, there isn’t a lot to see off the beach. However, we do love snorkeling and have seen fish and rays off the beach. We recommend bringing your own snorkel gear on the trip. [Be sure to check out our guide on the best snorkel gear for traveling.]

Snorkel pictures of Half Moon Cay Bahamas with Carnival Cruise Lines.
Snorkeling off the beach (Photo by Lydia, license by CC BY 2.0)

Lunch. We can’t emphasize strongly enough that you should plan on eating lunch early. They will run out of food before lunch officially ends.

Last Tender. One of the most common questions asked is: when is the last tender of the day back to the cruise ship? The answer is – it varies. This is based on the itinerary route of the boat, tides, and which cruise line you are on (Carnival vs. Holland America). However, it is usually sometime between 4:00-5:00pm.

Sunscreen and water. The sun can be deceptively strong here. As with any other Caribbean Island, you should be using sunscreen and reapplying often. Also, consider bringing a collapsible water bottle to stay hydrated.

Learn more. If you’re new to cruising or want to make the most of your cruise experience, check our article on Cruise Tips for a Better Voyage.

Little San Salvador Island in the Bahamas is a cay:  a low-evaluation sandy island on top of a coral structure.  The island is owned by Carnival Cruise Lines.
Little San Salvador Island (Photo by Jared, license by CC BY 2.0)

Half Moon Key Fun Facts and Trivia

On cruises, we’re big fans of the trivia games. It’s not unusual for Holland America and Carnival Cruises to ask questions about Half Moon Cay in their trivia games. Here’s a few fun facts to help you win:

What is a cay?

And, it is pronounced “key.” A cay is a sandy island which rests atop a coral reef. The private island of Little San Salvador, Bahamas (called Half Moon by the cruise companies) is a cay.

Who owns the island? Who lives there?

The island of Little San Salvador was purchased in 1996 by Holland America Cruise Lines for the princely sum of $6 million (they bought it from Norwegian Cruise Lines). Holland America claims to have invested another $15 million in developing and improving the island (including elevating structures 14 feet above sea level). The cruise lines station a small group of seasonal employees on the island, however, Little San Salvador/Half Moon Cay has an official permanent population of zero.

How big is Half Moon Cay?

The island is approximately 2,400 acres of land, and less than 3% of the island (about 50 acres) has been developed. Additionally, the saltwater lagoon that is almost completely surrounded by the island comprises another 1,700 acres. Cruise ship visitors can only visit a small portion of the island. Half Moon Cay has almost 10 miles of beaches, but the main Half Moon Beach is about 2 miles long.

Half Moon Cay Map

To help plan your time on time on the Carnival island, this map of Half Moon Cay is extremely helpful:

Detailed Half Moon Cay Map, which shows all of the things to do in Half Moon Bay.
Detailed Half Moon Cay Map (Photo by Roger W., license by CC BY-SA 2.0)

There are several map boards stationed around the island but having this in mind can help you make the most of your time on the island.

Feature image provided by Tyler (license by CC BY-ND 2.0). Note: Some links may be affiliate links, which means Travel Addicts may earn a few pennies if you buy something.

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