“The less I own, the more freedom I have.”
Although our tour guide was articulating his personal philosophy, he might as well have been telling us the slogan for all of Freetown Christiania. In this self-proclaimed free state in the middle of Copenhagen, Denmark, no one owns their homes, the people police themselves, and all decisions are made by consensus. It’s been this way for 45 years now, and the residents—all 850 of them—have no intention of changing.
What is Freetown Christiania?
In 1971, a group of squatters took over this abandoned military base in Denmark’s capital. At the time, there was no sewage system, two water pumps, and plenty of space to set up a community independent of the government, if one were so inclined.
Inside the walled complex, the group of hippies and free thinkers implemented the concept of collective ownership, set up their own governing laws, and even developed their own flag and currency. Even today, as you pass in and out of the community, it’s clear the residents see their neighborhood as distinct from the rest of Copenhagen.
Read about more things to do in Copenhagen here
Christiania is now a bright mix of homes, cafes, art galleries, and workshops, many covered with colorful murals or accented by sculptures. There are even schools and a daycare for the 150 or so children who call the area home. There’s also plenty of open space, from courtyards and gathering places to the community’s beautiful lake that seems to attract just about everyone on a sunny day. And, like the rest of Copenhagen, there are bicycles everywhere.
Our guide explained that residents do everything they can to ensure that the space is used for “nature’s best use.” That best use could mean just about everything from comprehensive recycling to allowing certain trees to decay so they attract insects, which in turn feed birds.
A Walk Down Pusher Street
One of the most curious aspects of Christiania is Pusher Street. Signs in the notorious area warn that you that you are approaching the Green Light District, an open market for marijuana.
The two main rules on Pusher Street—don’t take photos, and don’t run (or people will think there’s a raid and chaos will ensue). Cannabis is still illegal in Denmark, so these rules are taken pretty seriously. I took out my phone to make a couple of notes on what our guide was telling us, and I was promptly scolded for even the appearance that I might be taking a photo.
Several dozen booths on Pusher Street sell different types of hashish, related paraphernalia, and even brownies. There is a lot of paranoia about police raids, so many of the booths are covered with tarps so that all you can see are the products offered and the seller’s (possibly gloved) hands. Even underneath the tents, many sellers wear masks.
Although the marijuana trade is illegal, our guide explained that the hash sellers play an important role in Freetown Christiania—it’s part of their job to help ensure that there are no hard drugs and no gangs in the community. They have to live in the community for three years before they’re allowed to sell so they earn the trust of the other residents.
Is this Utopia?
Freetown Christiania sounds ideal in a lot of ways. The residents choose who moves in (and kick people out, if they choose), most people agree on most things, they live according to their own rules, and they’re surrounded by natural beauty and art that they’ve made.
As an outsider visiting for a few hours, it’s impossible to know if it’s all as utopian as it seems. After all, Freetown Christiania is the second most popular tourist attraction in Copenhagen, so there is value in telling visitors that the communal principles really do work and in keeping up the quirkiness that makes the hippie commune worth visiting.
Over the years, the residents have often been at odds with the government in Copenhagen. Periodic police actions shut down Pusher Street, though it’s often up and running again quickly.
There has also been a process of what the government refers to as “normalization,” though the residents question the meaning of such a loaded term. So far, the normalization has required them to become landowners by way of the Foundation Freetown Christiania, which was set up in 2012, though they still don’t own their homes.
Visiting Freetown Christiania in Copenhagen
Christiania is in the Christianshavn area. It’s a lovely walk from the city center, or you can take bus 350S from Nørreport Street to Christianshavn Street.
Visitors are welcome to enjoy Christiania. Eat and drink in the community’s cafes and restaurants. Lounge by the lake, head to a concert, or join in an impromptu basketball game. You can even do what we did and attend one of the local-led tours (in Danish or English) for 50 kroner (about $7 USD) per person. Just make sure to follow the rules. (Tours are at 3pm daily late June-August and on weekends the rest of the year).
Saturday 25th of May 2019
I wondered with cell phones what it's like now. I thought in 1998 the entire communities property was no car, no camera, no hard drugs? The cell phone may have changed things, or not remembering correctly.
It was 1998 when I visited Freetown Christiania,Copenhagen, Denmark in JUNE/JULY. I was following a band from America who kicked off a 35+ Summer tour (10 in Europe) in Christiana. The energy was high for the 50ish or so visiting from the U.S. We were happy to have 3 nights together in same venue (wooden shed) . When we got to Christina it was like entering the opposite world! Many of us on tour were living in SOMEWHAT similar communities back home, nothing quite like this! The Band seemed to be saying thanks to the 50 of us that made it over starting in this (seemingly) marvelous place. Things CAN GET ODD QUICKLY. First 2 days/nights were great. The Band played almost 6 hours each night. They also choose to take intermission during sunset/sunrise. Which makes SUMMER a good time to visit. Witnessing for the first time with 60ish people 40min of nightime/sunset, is quite a spectical for the locals. . We were an easily ammused group of tourist. After the 3rd night. We forgot at the time the only rules were no cars, no cameras, no needles. It almost went BAD QUICKLY whith a camera incident. So, great place to experience, but PLEASE BE CAREFUL. JUST DON'T BE DIRESPECTFUL. THINGS CAN GET PRETTY DARK IN A HURRY WITH LOCALS.
Sunday 26th of May 2019
The rule of no cameras certainly still applies on Pusher Street.
Friday 12th of October 2018
I was just there and loved it. Peace.
Tuesday 25th of July 2017
Hi Laura! Freetown Christiania looks like a happy town for me :) The fact that police can not stop the selling of drugs in this colorful town, considering that there are no crimes or gangs or anything that endangers the lives of the people living in the area or even tourists, then perhaps it's good to just support the Hippie Haven and their businesses, right? I can't wait to visit the place soon, looks and sounds interesting!
Thursday 15th of September 2016
Wow. This is quite an interesting concept, and the fact that it's been around for 45 years is impressive. I want to go!