Brightly-colored vegetables spill forth from the stands. Cheese makers offer tastes of their most recent experiments alongside the varieties they’ve carefully perfected for 20 years. The aroma of roasted chicken drifts through the air while locals arrive for their daily baguettes. A vendor helps a customer choose the perfect scarf to take home. The ambiance at weekly markets – particularly at a Provence market – is addicting. There is more than one reason why I planned my trip to the south of France around market days.
Most markets in Provence are temporary, outdoor markets that take place once or twice a week. They are generally in the main town square but can sprawl down streets and even into other squares, especially on Saturdays. In certain places, like Aix-en-Provence and Uzes, it can feel like the whole town has become part of the market. Heaven.
The markets are usually set up in the early morning and open for business around 8am; most close by noon or 1pm. Some set ups are as simple as a card table while others include refrigerated trucks or full rotisseries. While the booths and merchandise are different, you can typically expect that vendors at a Provence market speak enough English to take your order, probably only take cash, and would love to give you a sample of whatever delicious thing they’re offering.
Indoors or outdoors, most markets in Provence offer the best selection of local, seasonal fruit and vegetables. Meat and especially fish are at the peak of freshness or perfectly cured, depending on what you’re looking for. The selection of bread, olives, tapenade, honey, cheese, herbs, spices, and oils is the best around. Some (mostly outdoor) markets also offer Provencal fabrics, straw baskets, clothing, and other household items. Many of the sellers and producers have been doing this for years and their loyal local customers rely on them for the quality or their goods and their expertise.
Here’s a look at the seven very different markets I experienced in Provence.
Markets in Provence, France
Aix-en-Provence, France, is a stunning city dotted with plane trees and fountains and overflowing with joie de vivre. It has a compact, walkable center that makes up in spirit what it lacks in sightseeing. The twisted lanes in Aix lead to squares that host different markets many days of the week.
If you visit Aix-en-Provence on a Tuesday, Thursday, or Saturday, you can have your pick from anything in the farmer’s market, the flower market, the antiques market, the fruit and vegetable market, or the textiles market. It’s an embarrassment of riches. Needless to say, my day trip to Aix was on a Tuesday in order to see as much as possible. This is a can’t-miss experience in Provence.
When: Daily, 8am-1pm, farmers market at Place Richelme; Tuesday, Thursday, Saturday, 8am-1pm, flower market at Place de l’Hotel de Ville and Place des Precheurs; Tuesday, Thursday, Saturday, 8am-1pm, fruit and vegetable market at Place des Precheurs; Tuesday and Thursday, 8am-1pm, textile market on the Cours Mirabeau, and on Saturdays around the Palais de Justice; Tuesday, Thursday, Saturday, 8am-1pm, antiques market on Place de Verdun
A few kilometers west of the Provence border in the Languedoc-Roussillon region, Nimes is a workaday city with a handful of well-preserved Roman ruins. Its covered food market, Les Halles, is a short walk from one of these ruins, the Maison Carree. The market is an unremarkable looking modern building that doesn’t really prompt one to come inside. But once you are inside, the place bustles with energy as locals buy specialties such as brandade de morue (pureed salt cod and olive oil) or green olives. As with the other markets, there is also plenty of meat and vegetables on offer.
When: Monday-Saturday, 7am-1pm; Sunday, 7am-1:30pm
With its red cliffs, stone buildings, and hidden lanes, Roussillon begs you to slow down and stay for a while. The tiny village (population: less than 1500) has been protected since 1943, so there is an absence of modern development and an abundance of all things Provencal.
When: Thursday, approximately 8am-1pm
Like many places in the south of France, Uzes dates from Roman times. The circular streets that ring the old town were once walls that protected the Medieval castle in 1100s. You can still see towers, Medieval gardens, and streets that make you feel like you’ve stepped back in history about 800 years. On market days, many of these areas are taken over by vendors as the market sprawls through the streets of Uzes (though is it technically centered in the Place aux Herbes).
The Wednesday morning market is focused on food, including locally-grown produce and specialties. As with most French markets, you can also find cheese, olives, bread, herbs, and other Provence essentials that make it nearly impossible to resist picking up picnic supplies.
When: Wednesday and Saturday, approximately 8am-1pm
The charming city of Arles is a UNESCO World Heritage site on the Rhone River. Once home to Van Gogh, the town explodes in the colors you might expect of Provence – brilliant golds, bright blues, and soft greens — making you feel like you just stepped into one of the master’s paintings. Nowhere is the town more lively than during the twice-weekly markets on the ring road.
When: Approximately 8am-1pm; Wednesday, Émile Combes Boulevard; Saturday, stretches from the Boulevard des Lices to the Boulevard Clemenceau
Vaison la Romaine
Inhabited in some fashion for about 2300 years, Vaison la Romaine is full of history. Today, it’s known for its collection of Roman ruins – not just grand structures but homes that have given archaeologists an indication about what life was like during Roman times. This historic town is separated into the upper and lower towns, which are joined by a 2000-year-old arched Roman bridge.
When: Tuesday and Saturday, approximately 8am-1pm
The historic city of Avignon sits on the left bank of the Rhone River in the heart of Provence. The old town of this lovely place is designated as a UNESCO World Heritage site, anchored by its Palace of the Popes, which dates from the 14th century. Avignon is large enough to have lots of things to do but small enough to be inviting and easy to get around. Not far from the historic area is the market, which is also a tourist attraction for many groups who stop in town on river cruises.
Les Halles, Avignon’s covered market, is home to about 40 stalls selling just about every food item one could need. In addition, there are several bars and restaurants serving wine, seafood, and other delicacies. Several of the shops will heat up a tart or other dish of your choice for you to enjoy in the square just outside the market, which make for a great, quick lunch option.
When: Tuesday-Friday, 6am-1:30pm; Saturday and Sunday 6am-2pm; closed Monday