A building in one of the Valle de Guadalupe wineries.

Mexico’s Intriguing Wine Country: The Valle de Guadalupe

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One of our greatest travel adventures came from the most unlikely of places: Mexico. We recently took a brief roadtrip from San Diego to Ensenada south of the border. Our goal was to visit the Valle de Guadalupe wineries in Baja, Mexico. What started as a drive on the Ruta del Vino Valle de Guadalupe (the Guadalupe Valley Wine Road) to experience Mexican wine turned into something much more substantive: an important life lesson in preconceptions.

Many years ago, I heard from a friend in the wine business about Mexican wine and the Baja wineries. It was spoken with a great deal of skepticism and a condescending edge. It was as if he was saying, “You’ll never guess what those Mexicans are trying to do now.” His words stuck with me.

Cheese platter while enjoying the wines in Mexico

“Mexican wine” isn’t new. To me and most people, “Mexican wine” was a six-pack of crappy beer. I’m not alone in that opinion. The music group Fountains of Wayne has a song called “Mexican Wine” about a person hitting rock bottom, not caring about anything in life, and drinking. Of course, many of those impressions are from the pre-NAFTA era. Times change.

I also remember my first trip to Tijuana, Mexico. The retching poverty at the border crossing, children my own age begging for money, and miles of buildings in shambles left an impression on my young mind. At least, that was the way my mind remembered it from the early 1980s.

Palm trees at Vinicola Relieve in Baja California
Palm trees are common among the vines

So, on a sunny cool day, we packed up the car and drove from San Diego to Mexico in search of the Guadalupe Valley wineries. Getting to the Mexico wine country was easy. Crossing from San Diego into Mexico involved no border control checks whatsoever.

And seconds later, we were cruising down the road in Mexico. Driving through Tijuana, we passed office buildings and high-rise apartments. The coastal road (Mexico Route 1/1D) was broad and fast, even stopping occasionally to pay tolls. Any preconceived notion of Mexico as an undeveloped country were quickly put aside as we drove down the Pacific coastal highway past scores of new oceanfront condominium towers. This was not the Mexico I remembered.

The hills and vineyards of the Valle de Guadalupe of Baja, Mexico
The vineyards and gardens in the valley

Nearing Ensenada, the Ruta del Vino turns inland and quickly climbs elevation (following Mexico Highway 3). Everywhere the eye can see are the rolling hills of the Mexican wine country planted with vines. We’ve visited a lot of wine regions around the world: from the Moselle in Luxembourg to Stellenbosch in South Africa. The Baja wine country just may be one of the most beautiful in the world.

I recently bumped into the same wine industry friend. He was telling me all about the amazing wines from Mexico coming from this region. He didn’t remember his earlier comments, but I did. He told me the region was the new Napa without all the Silicon Valley money and entitlement.

I learned some of the best young winemakers in the world were coming here from places like Napa, Spain, Chile, and Argentina. He told me that the Baja had the same climate as Sicily and many of the same soil characteristics of the Cotes du Rhone. He said now was the time to drive from San Diego to Ensenada and experience the Guadalupe Valley wine region before it got ruined.

And visit we did.

Aerial view of rows of vines in the Mexico wine country

We spent two days crisscrossing the valley and darting between the various Baja wineries. Visiting winery after winery, we were able to begin to come to some conclusions. The local weather brings very hot, dry summers (mid-80s) and moderate, humid winters. Morning fogs are common and sea breezes bring a salinity to the soil. In short, this is perfect grape growing weather.

You’d expect the vineyards to be like Napa…but they aren’t. Instead of Zinfandel and Pinot Noir, you find Petite Sirah and Malbec. While Napa has focused on mass production and a general consumer palate, the wineries in Guadalupe are focusing on the terroir and a fine wine market.

Cheese plate and sangria at Bar Bura at Cuatro Cuatros

And it was completely unexpected.

We really didn’t know what to expect from the Valle de Guadalupe vineyards. We figured the Ruta del Vino might be some kind of tourist marketing ploy. Perhaps there would be some passable wines. We really didn’t think that Baja would have some world-class wineries. And it did.

Vines of Cabernet Sauvignon

Driving back to San Diego was filled with lots of enthusiasm and excitement. We stopped at the Taqueria el Trailero stand and enjoyed some of the best fried shrimp tacos we’ve ever had. We were high on the local wineries.

All that excitement ran headlong into the modern geopolitical realities: The San Ysidro Border Crossing. This is reported to be the busiest international border crossing in the world. We don’t know about that, but it is absolutely the busiest border crossing in North America.

We’d been prepared for a long wait to cross the border. The U.S. Government puts out a handy app to indicate the wait time to cross the border called the CBP Border Wait Times app. The app was worthless. We’d been prepared to wait for a couple of hours. We’d heard horror stories of two hour waits to get across the border. We thought we were prepared. We were wrong.

Carts selling food in the midst of complete gridlock at the San Ysidro Border Crossing
6 hours of gridlock courtesy of the U.S. government

6 hours. Yes, you read that correctly. From the time our car got into line at San Ysidro until we finally crossed the border was nearly 6 hours. For what it’s worth, the entire time we were in line, the worthless app from the U.S. Government indicated a wait time of less than 2 hours and 15 minutes.

We believe that good things come to those who wait (and wait we did). Do we regret it? Absolutely not. If we knew what we were in for, we might have done something different (using the Tecate border crossing or different time of day). The more time that passes, the more fondly we look back on the trip and the experiences we had in the Guadalupe Valley. Despite the hassle provided by the U.S. Government, it was worth it.

Just like the advice we were given, we’ll say the same thing: visit the Valle de Guadalupe wineries now…before they change.

Top Things We Wished We’d Known About Visiting Mexico’s Guadalupe Valley

The San Ysidro Border Crossing

The San Ysidro border crossing from Mexico into the United States is the busiest land border crossing in the world. Millions of people, cars, and trucks make their way north and south of the border here. At some points, the road is over 25 lanes wide. This can result in lots of traffic. The U.S. Government’s app is only moderately useful for indicating relative wait times (is this time busier or slower than other times), but shouldn’t be relied on for accurate information. You may have better luck at other border crossings.

Driving in Mexico

Driving in Baja, Mexico is extremely easy. The main roads are all paved and in good shape. However, drivers coming from north of the border in their own cars need to know that car insurance in Mexico is mandatory and your comprehensive auto policy from home is not valid in Mexico.

On our journey, we purchased insurance from Mexico Insurance Professionals. Also, if you are worried about driving in Mexico, our book, The Essential Guide to Driving Abroad, may be helpful.

Enjoying the wines from the Mexico wine country in a garden

Mexican Wine Cost

Despite the fact that Guadalupe Valley wine is not from Napa, expect to pay Napa-level prices. Reasonable bottles will start around $25, mid-range bottles around $35, and higher-end bottles north of $50. The quality is excellent, but this is primarily driven by supply: a Guadalupe Valley winery is much smaller and produces smaller quantities, which keeps prices higher.

Visiting Valle de Guadalupe Wineries

It’s relatively straightforward to visit the wineries. Unlike wineries in other parts of the world (such as France or Italy), you don’t need an appointment. Keep in mind that the wineries here tend to have more limited hours than what you may be accustomed to.

Most wineries won’t open before 11:00am (some won’t open until noon or 1:00pm) and most close earlier than you might expect. Some wineries will start closing at 4:00pm, however most wineries will close between 5:00 and 6:00pm. These limited hours mean you’ll want to plan carefully which wineries you want to visit. Wineries all have lots of space, so parking isn’t a problem. Most have English speaking staff. About half charge for tastings.

The Vibe in Guadalupe Valley

This valley is relatively relaxed, however, it is a popular in-country destination for affluent Mexicans and is a get-off-the-map hippie hideout for many Americans. The yin and yang of money and relaxation means that you can find exactly what you want here.

People enjoying views of the Pacific Ocean from Bar Bura at Cuatro Cuatros

Where to Stay in the Valley de Guadalupe

As we discovered, hotels in Valle de Guadalupe can be expensive. Like really expensive. If you’re heading to the region, see our specific recommendations in the section below. From experience, there are very few mid-range hotels in the area. You are limited to either really expensive ultra-luxury or super-budget accommodations. If you’re looking for something more mid-range, consider a vacation rental (see here for a great selection of vacation rental properties). Alternately, you might consider some of the Ensenada resorts (see examples here).

Valle de Guadalupe Wine Tours

While we’re big proponents of independent travel, if you’d rather not be bothered, it’s possible to get a Guadalupe Valley wine tour from San Diego as a day trip (such as this one). Or, if you’re staying south of the border there are also Valle de Guadalupe tours from Tijuana or Ensenada (see options here).

Wine production facility in Mexico

The Best Valle de Guadalupe Wineries

Ask anyone in Baja and you’ll likely get very different recommendations for the best wineries in Valle de Guadalupe. After spending a long weekend exploring, here are our favorite wineries.

The Decantos Vinicola

Sitting high on one of the hills, the Decantos Vinicola offers commanding views of the entire valley from its ultra-modern tasting room. Looking like it is transported right out of Napa, Decantos is one of the fanciest wineries in the region. Website: https://decantosvinicola.com/

Tables under umbrellas in the Decantos Winery
Decantos Winery

Finca la Carrodilla

The Finca la Carrodilla winery was probably our favorite in the valley. Sitting at the far western edge of the valley, the modern tasting room offers beautiful views of the hills and the winery has a beautiful garden to explore. The wines and tasting plates were excellent! There’s a small café on the property, which also looked amazing, but we didn’t have the chance to enjoy. Website: http://www.fincalacarrodilla.mx/

Aerial view of the Finca la Carrodilla Winery
Finca la Carrodilla Winery

Emeve

Vitivinicola Emeve is one of the premier producers in the valley. Their beautiful tasting room looks out on the vineyards and the hills of the valley and is located on one of the main roads in the valley. The winemaker at Vinicola Emeve is from Chile, so the winery produces many varietals that are common to that area: Malbec, Cabernet Sauvignon, Shiraz, and Chardonnay, as well as several blended wines. Website: https://vinicolaemeve.com/en/

Vinicola Adobe Guadalupe

Adobe Guadalupe is one of the oldest, most popular, and most photographed wineries in the Guadalupe Valley. The tasting room experience is mostly a store, however, the winery places host to the Adobe Guadalupe food truck. This makes the perfect place to stop for lunch and order a bottle of wine. Website: http://www.adobeguadalupe.com/

The unique architecture at the Adobe Guadalupe winery in Baja
Adobe Guadalupe winery

Vinicola Relieve

Located in the hills of the valley, Vinicola Relieve gets props from one of the best tasting experiences in the valley. Located in the midst of the vines, tastings are done under broad sunshades. Focusing on Merlot, Tempranillo, and Sauvignon Blanc, these were some of the best wines we sampled in the valley, and we brought several bottles home with us. Website: http://www.relievevinicola.com/

Bottle and glass of wine at the Vinicola Relieve Winery
Vinicola Relieve Winery

Sol y Barro Winery

The Sol y Barro Winery is one of the most unusual wine tasting experiences we’ve ever encountered. The passion project of winemaker from Switzerland, it is part winery and part hippie commune. Sol y Barro focuses on red varietals. Website: https://www.facebook.com/solybarro

Glass of wine at the Sol y Barro winery
Sol y Barro Winery

The Bar Bura at Cuatro Cuatros

Cuatro Cuatros is a planned development community along the coast, sitting between the heart of the Guadalupe Valley and the Pacific Ocean. The tasting room sits right off the road in a stone building among the vines. However, we headed directly across the property to the Bar Bura. This bar/restaurant sits at the end of a long dirt road on top of a hill overlooking the ocean (take the road until it dead ends, then board the shuttle bus to get to Bar Bura). This is the most beautiful in the whole region and is a must visit spot. Website: https://cuatrocuatros.mx/en/

Aerial view of the incredible Bar Bura at Cuatro Cuatros overlooking the Pacific Ocean
Bar Bura at Cuatro Cuatros

Other Popular Baja wineries

Top Valle de Guadalupe Hotels

As mentioned above, hotel options can be a little limited. We went at the absolute peak season: a three-day weekend in the summer. Getting an affordable room in the valley proved impossible and we ended up renting a beach-front house near Ensenada.

If you’re heading south of the border, here are our recommendations on where to stay in Valle de Guadalupe:

Hotel Encuentro Guadalupe

This super modern and ultra-minimalist property is part hotel and part camping (yes, it is glamping). Rooms at the Hotel Encuentro Guadalupe offer stunning views of the valley and put you right in the heart of the wine region. There’s no finer place to stay.

Hotel Boutique Valle de Guadalupe

This hotel offers a little something for everyone. This boutique hotel has traditional rooms, ultra-modern villas, lofts, suites and even a private chalet. The hotel sits in the valley and has great views of the surrounding hills.

Oak aging barrels at a winery

Hacienda Guadalupe

Located in the heart of the valley, Hacienda Guadalupe offers traditional accommodations in an upscale environment. The hotel sits in the heart of the vineyards and has beautiful grounds. It’s a very popular wedding destination.

Ensenada Resorts

If you have difficulty finding accommodations in the valley, look to Ensenada. Just 30 minutes away at the start of the wine route, there are number of other options in Ensenada. You can find several resorts on the water, as well as some house and apartment rentals.

Bar Bura above the Pacific Coast Highway in Ensenada, Mexico

The Top Valle de Guadalupe Restaurants

Here a few recommendations for Guadalupe Valley restaurants:

Taqueria el Trailero

This is the very definition of street food. The Taqueria el Trailero stall located at km 101 on the Ensenada-Tijuana highway (heading in the direction of Carretera) is not actually in the valley, but you’ll likely pass it coming to and from. It’s absolutely worth a stop. The food is insanely cheap and even more insanely delicious (splurge on the shrimp tacos).

Shrimp tacos street food

Laja

One of the more popular restaurants in the valley, Laja offers inventive foods with a view. This is haute cusine, and expect to pay California-level prices. A splurge but worth it.

Adobe Guadalupe Food Truck

A reasonable lunch spot serving creative tacos and sandwiches. The Adobe Guadalupe food truck menu changes frequently. Pick up a bottle of wine from the neighboring winery and enjoy your food on the picnic benches.

The Adobe Guadalupe food truck

Restaurante Manzanilla

Located in the very visually unappealing port area of Ensenada, Manzanilla offers good food in an upscale environment. The lack of view or ambiance is disappointing.

The History of Mexican Wine

We geek out on all this historical and were surprised to learn there has actually been a long history of wine production in Mexico dating back to the early-16th century.

Supposedly, wine production began some time around 1524 when Cortez ordered vines planted to sustain his soldiers occupying the Aztec Empire. The order was given to plant 1,000 grapevines for each 100 native servants (i.e., likely slave). However, the growths were planted in tropical environments and quickly died.

Subsequent efforts in other Mexican regions (namely Coahuila, Puebla and Zacatecas) were more successful. In fact, the very first and oldest winery in the new world is in Mexico: Casa Madero. Founded in 1597 in Santa Maria de las Parras, this winery is still going strong. Grapevine cuttings from this region would eventually populate the wineries in Napa, Sonoma, Temecula, Argentina, Chile, as well as re-population efforts back in Europe after blights.

Grapes on the vines

On the eve of the 18th century, in 1699, Charles II banned production of wine in the colonies, as a way of propping up failing wine production in Spain. Even then, efforts at economic protectionism were not ultimately successful and the production of wine in Mexico continued. Most of that production continued on the grounds of the Catholic missions.

The very first Baja winery was founded in 1701 by a Jesuit priest on the site of the Loreto Mission. Dominican friars followed and began producing wine in 1843 in the area.

All good things must come to an end and so much wine production. In 1857, the Mexican government seized the land of the Catholic Church and booted them from the country. Most Catholic missions and their vineyards languished.

Rows of grape vines with palm trees in Baja Mexico

After the 1910 Revolution, Mexicans turned their attention to that other Mexican wine: beer. Wine production didn’t really take off until the 1970s, when the are was replanted, a wine school was opened in 1972, and Mexican interest in wine took off. In 1987, the Mexican government opened up the domestic market to foreign wine producers, which hit the Baja wineries hard, however, the region is back and interest in the Guadalupe wine has never been higher.

Steel production tanks at a winery