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Tables filled with exotic produce, deep fryers sizzling with fritters, Sicilian nonnas snaking their carts through the crowds to visit the vendors they’ve purchased from for decades. It’s just another typical morning in the Palermo markets. Though an increasing number of tourists filter in with the locals now, these outdoor centers have been much the same for centuries.
The historic markets in Palermo, Sicily, feel a lot more like the medinas of Marrakech or Cairo than the festivals of fresh vegetables in the city squares of Provence or the spectacular covered markets of Rotterdam or Athens. When you consider that Palermo is closer to Tunisia than it is to Rome, everything starts to make a little more sense. Arab influence in Sicily began over 1000 years ago, and these markets are some of the best-preserved of the island’s Arab traditions.
Visiting Palermo’s three largest markets is one of the popular things to do in Palermo. Here’s a look at what you can expect.
Like a call-and-response prayer, the singing of the merchants at the Ballaro market greeted us before we were sure we were in the right place. I can’t tell you what they were saying or whether it was even real words, but the rhythmic sounds immediately drew us into the lively market.
The Ballaro market, on the south side of the city, is the most famous market in Palermo and was a highlight of our trip to Sicily. In one of the poorest neighborhoods in Sicily, many of the buildings that line the market look somewhat run-down, which only seems to add to the atmosphere of authenticity. There is no concern here that the setting is being contrived just for tourists. This is clearly a genuine part of life in Palermo.
Meanwhile, scooters and mopeds twisted through the crowds, making deliveries, doing their own shopping, or cruising on their way to somewhere. After all, these expanded grocery aisles are still regular streets.
Beside all the fresh food and spices and the occasional clothing vendor, street food is also big business in the Ballaro market. Originally developed as cheap food that could be afforded by the poor people of Sicily, Sicilian street food is now enormously popular with people of all economic backgrounds and certainly shouldn’t be missed when you visit Palermo (and, luckily, it’s still cheap).
La Vucciria Market
The first thing we saw stepping under the large “La Vucciria” sign was a group of men deeply engrossed in their afternoon card game. It was immediately clear that the level of activity in the Vucciria market was a little calmer than what we had experienced that morning in the friendly melee of Ballaro, though afternoons are always quieter than mornings anyway.
The calmer pace that exists today in the Vucciria market is tinged with irony when you consider that “Vucciria” translates to “voices” or “hubbub.” The smallest of the three markets, it spreads through the side streets around the Piazza San Domenico. As in the Ballaro market, the streets are filled with tented produce stalls, though the group of eager vendors is noticeably smaller.
Where the other markets draw character from their rough-around-the edges surroundings, Vucciria feels less energized and grittier. It is no longer at the cross-section of trading of those ancient merchants from Asia, North Africa, Pisa, and Genoa. Indeed, it seems to have fallen off the radar of many Palermitani, too, at least when it comes to food shopping.
While the Vucciria is a little past its prime during the day perhaps, it truly comes alive when the sun goes down. All of young Palermo seems to file into the streets, eating, drinking, and dancing their way between Piazza Caracciolo and Piazza Garraffello.
A night at Mercato della Vucciria is an inexpensive way to fill up on street food and see all the different characters Palermo has to offer, from university students to the rich and hip. You can party and dance until the sun comes up.
Following the aesthetic of the Arabs who originally established the market centuries ago, the Mercato di Capo maintains its maze of lanes and alleyways. Running through the Capo and Albergheria quarters, the labyrinth makes visitors feel like they’re in a North African souk.
We started our visit to Capo entering through the Porta Carini, one of the oldest city gates of Palermo. Dating back to at least 1310, the doorway originally marked the road leading to the village of Carini. Now it marks the beginning of the circus that is the Capo market.
Much like Ballaro, Capo is a lively food market. As soon as we entered the narrow streets, we were welcomed with the aromas of cooking food—first the fryers and then the carts selling sfincione, a pizza-like Sicilian street food made with onions and delicious aged cheese.
Then there were the food stalls hawking everything under the sun. A bounty of sundried tomatoes was offered for the tasting alongside bright red peppers of unknown spiciness. Cacti, tropical fruits, and other produce we’d never seen before sat nearby. These Sicilian markets are a dream for people who love colors and new flavors.
Intermixed with the fresh food stalls, we found plenty of cooks ready to help us try more street food or something a little bit fresher from one of the merchants a few doors down. Just see if you can resist the piping hot arancini or calamari flash-fried nearly straight from the ocean.
Safety in the Palermo Markets
All three Palermo markets are busy places. People are often close together, jostling each other to talk to merchants, make purchases, and get out of the way of passing mopeds. That all leads to a lot of contact and the possibility for valuables and cash to go missing in a flash.
Be aware of yourself–and your camera, phone, and money–as you walk through the markets. Don’t set anything down or take more money than than you need. While the markets are not dangerous places, there may be people waiting to separate you from your belongings, if you’re not careful.